The Commander of the Faithful is reported to have said, "The Messenger of Allah owed a Jew some money who came one day to collect them. The Messenger of Allah said to him, 'O Jew! I do not have it.' The Jew said, 'O Muhammad! I am not going to part with you till you pay me back.' The man confined the Messenger of Allah there and then till the Prophet had performed the noon, afternoon, sunset and evening prayers and went beyond that until he prayed the morning prayer [of the following day] as well.
The companions of the Messenger of Allah kept threatening that Jew. The Messenger of Allah looked at them and said, 'What are you going to do to him?' They said, 'O Messenger of Allah! How dare a Jew to confine you like that?' He said, 'My Lord, the most Exalted and the Greatest, did not send me to oppress anyone with whom I have entered into an agreement nor anyone else.' Some half of the day had passed away, when the Jew said, 'I testify that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger; and half of my wealth I shall give away in the way of Allah.'"
It is reported that a young man approached the Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H&H.P) and asked, "O Prophet of Allah (P.B.U.H&H.P), I have a mother who is an invalid. She cannot even move by herself. I carry her on my back and feed her with my hands. I also clean her excreta. Have I fulfilled her rights?” The Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H&H.P) replied, "No. Because you have remained in the womb for a long period during which you derived your nourishment from her body. She was every busy in caring and protecting you at all costs. Inspite of such hardships she always wished a long life for you. But you are waiting for her to die so that you may relieve of the responsibility of taking care of her."
The Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H&H.P) described the eminence of a mother's position in the following statement:
"If you are praying a mustahab prayer and your father calls you, do not break your prayer but if your mother calls, break the prayer." Truly, this assigns a remarkably high status to a mother. The Prophet (P.B.U.H&H.P) states, "Paradise is at the feet of your mother." Hence one need not go far in search of Paradise.
Bahlool liked to visit the graveyards “People here are good friends". he used to say “They do not backbite."
Once, he sat in a corner of a graveyard and with a long heavy stick started probing some of the old skulls which lay scattered about Harun Rashid, the king, passed by and saw him Then he asked, "O Bahlool What are you doing?"
"Oh, nothing very important." said Bahlool. “I am just trying to find out whether the skulls belong to kings or paupers they are all the same."
"And what is the stick for?" Harun asked.
"Well, I'm measuring the earth." Bahlool replied.
"Measuring the earth? what are your findings?" Harun joked.
"It is equal and the same, O King." Bahlool retorted. “Three arm lengths for me, in spite of my poverty and three arm lengths for you, in spite of your pomp and wealth."
Arabia, during the time of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H&H.P), was a country without any central authority. It was a country far from the civilized nations of those days.
At the time Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H&H.P) was spreading Islam; asking people to turn away from worshipping idols to worshipping Allah, the Almighty, the All-Knower, and the Master.
The Prophet sent letters of invitation to Kings and Rulers of various countries in the world, inviting them to embrace Islam. Many of the letters were met with a favorable response whilst others were rejected. In many cases, the messengers of the Prophet were badly treated and abused. But the Prophet was not worried by these setbacks. He was inviting people to the right path and a few setbacks could not deter him from propagating Islam.
Abu Sufyan a leader of the tribe of Quraish and the arch enemy of the Prophet was in Constantinople on a business trip, when the Prophet's letter of invitation reached Hercules, the Byzantine emperor of Eastern Roman Empire. Hercules, at the time was in his court at Constantinople celebrating his victory over the Persians.
Hercules read the letter through an interpreter and then asked the people in his court, to find out if there was someone in the city, who knew the Prophet. Abu Sufyan with his companions was brought into the court.
The emperor asked Abu Sufyan, "What kind of family does Muhammad belongs to?"
"Noble", replied Abu Sufyan
"Has there been a king in his family?" Hercules asked.
"No," said Abu Sufyan
"Are the people who have accepted his religion poor or rich?” Hercules questioned again.
"They are poor", replied Abu Sufyan.
Hercules was now becoming more and more interested and he went on asking questions.
His next question was, "Are his followers on the increase or decrease?"
"Increasing", Abu Sufyan replied shortly.
"Have you known him to tell lies"? Asked Hercules.
"No", admitted Abu Sufyan.
"Does he ever go against his convents?” Hercules once again asked.
"Not so far. But we have to see whether he carries out the new agreement made between us and him", Abu Sufyan answered lengthily for a change.
"Have you ever fought him in wars?" Hercules questioned.
"Yes", answered Abu Sufyan
"What has been the result?" Hercules asked, getting more and more interested.
"Sometimes we have won, sometimes he", replied Abu Sufyan.
"What does he teach?" asked Hercules
"Worship One God, join no partners with Him, carry out your prayers, be chaste, speak the truth and keep union with your relatives", answered Abu Sufyan, even surprised at his own answer as it sounded like he was preaching Islam.
Hercules stood up and said, "If all you said is true, then I am sure that this Prophet's Kingdom will reach here where I am standing. I was certain that a Prophet was coming, but I didn't know that he would be born in Arabia. If I were to go there, I would embrace Islam and wash the Prophet's feet with my own hands."
This was the way in which the Prophet spread Islam. He impressed them by his truthfulness, honesty, noble character and dedication in the service of Allah. He did not compel people to accept Islam under threat of waging wars, nor did he compel people to accept Islam by the force of the sword. He fought only in defense, and only when the enemies waged war on him.